Isadora Duncan| creator of modern dance

Isadora Duncan's philosophy of dance moved away from rigid ballet technique and towards what she perceived as natural movement. To restore dance to a high art form instead of entertainment,she sought the connection between emotions and movement.


       She wanted the dance to be the divine expression of the human spirit through the medium of the body's movement.Duncan was inspired by ancient Greece and combined it with an American love of freedom.This is exemplified in her revolutionary costume of a white Grecian tunic and bare feet.Inspired by Grecian forms,her tunice also allowed a freedom of movement corseted ballet costumes were not the only inspiration Duncan took from Greece.Both in her professional and private lives,Duncan flouted traditional mores and morality.




       Considered by many to be the creator of modern dance Angela Isadora Duncan was born on May 27th,1877 in San Franciso,California,as the youngest of four siblings.Her two brothers were Augustin Duncan and Raymond Duncan;her sister Elizabeth Duncan was also a dancer.


       Their  parents were Joseph Charles Duncan (1819-1898),a banker,mining engineer and connoisseur of the arts,and Mary Isadora Gray (1819-1922).Soon after Isadora's birth,her father lost the bank and he was publicy disgraced and the family became extremely poor.


       Her Parents were divorced by 1880 (the papers were lost in the San Francisco earthquake),and her mother moved with her family to Oakland.She worked there as a pianist and music teacher.In her early years,Duncan did attend school but,finding it to be constricting to her individuality,she dropped out.she dropped out.Asher family was very poor,both she and her sister gave dance classes to local children to earn extra money Duncan's fondness for flowing scarves was the cause of her death in an automobile accident in Nice,France,when she was passenger in an Amilcar.Her slik scarf,draped around her neck,became entangled around the open-spoked wheels and rear axle,breaking her neck.She lived in Western Europe and the Soviet Union from the age of 22 until her death at age 50.


       Duncan began her dancing career by teaching lessons in her home from the time she was six through her teenage years. Her different approach to dance is evident in these preliminary classes,in which she "followed [her] head".Duncan bore two children,both out of wedlock and both children died in an accident on the Seine River on April 19,1913,In 1922 she married the Russian poet Sergei Yesenin who was 18 years'her junior.Yesenin accompanied her on a tour of Europe and the United States.The following year he left Duncan and returned to Moscow.He committed suicide in 1925,aged 30.Duncan also had an affair with poet and playwright Mercedes de Acosta which is documented in numerous revealing letters they wrote to each other.


       Duncan restored dance to a high plase among the arts.Breaking with convention,she tracad the art of dance back to its roots as a sacred art,folk dances, social dances,nature and natural forces as well as an approach to the new American athleticim which included skipping,running,jumping,leaping and tossing.

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